General Surgery Residency Program at Danbury Hospital / CT Branch Campus of Larner College of Medicine at the University of Vermont

A Message from the Program Director

Welcome to the Danbury Hospital General Surgery Residency Program

Danbury Hospital is a part of Nuvance Health; a 7-hospital clinical network spanning the Connecticut – New York border. Founded in 1885 and starting off as a small community hospital; Danbury Hospital now is a 465 bed non- profit tertiary care medical center providing state of the art medical and surgical care for the local community and neighboring regions in the Hudson Valley and Western Connecticut. The hospital has over 3,300 employees and sees approximately 64,000 patient visits and 1500 traumas annually at the Anna – Maria and Stephen Keller Emergency Department (an American College of Surgeons (ACS) – designated Level II Trauma Center and Primary Stroke Center). Our 6-year residency program housed primarily at Danbury with rotations at The University of Vermont Medical Center (UVMMC) and Connecticut Children’s Medical Center (CCMC) provides a robust clinical and academic environment to train the next generation of surgeons. We are approved to graduate 4 categorical chief residents per year.

1000 + cases are performed on an annual basis at Danbury Hospital and New Milford Hospital, a part of the Danbury Hospital Campus. Surgical services include general and minimally invasive surgery, trauma and acute care surgery, surgical oncology, colon and rectal surgery, vascular surgery, surgical critical care, breast and endocrine surgery, pediatric surgery at CCMC and transplant at UVMMC. Residents get a wide variety of experience across all services and graduate with well over the required number of cases. Being a robotic center of excellence, residents get early exposure to robotics and minimally invasive surgery.

We are the CT clinical branch campus of the Larner College of Medicine at The University of Vermont, which allows our residents to serve as resident educators to 3rd and 4th year medical students and prepares them for an academic career if they so choose. We also cater to medical students from the American University of the Caribbean School of Medicine (AUC) and Ross University School of Medicine.

Residents participate in a year of clinical/basic science research after their 2nd year of training. In addition, our monthly journal club fosters an active environment to review literature and understand the science behind clinical practice.

We believe it is important to have a lifelong mentor and our mentorship program allows residents to meet with dedicated faculty members on a regular basis and chart a successful career pathway as well as have a personal advocate for themselves.

Some of our newer initiatives include a meritocracy program that promotes a fun-filled healthy competitive platform amongst residents to not only excel in the clinical space, but also aids in completing administrative tasks in a timely manner. We are currently working on implementing a software program, Firefly Lab, which is a data management system used for evaluating residents’ surgical skills, providing real-time feedback, logging operative cases and providing case analytics. Another major step to promote a healthy and unbiased working environment is our Women in Surgery Initiative.

Last but not the least, our 8000 sq. ft. state of the art simulation center and an integrative simulation curriculum throughout the academic year, allows residents to hone their surgical skills. Residents participate in both tissue based and inanimate simulation skills sessions.

Over the past decade, since the program’s inception, residents have successfully graduated and gone on to successful practice in general surgery or matched into competitive fellowships across the nation. I look forward to welcoming the next set of young surgeons in training. Please reach out to our program if you have further questions. We look forward to seeing you virtually or in person soon!


Ramanathan M. Seshadri, M.D., F.A.C.S.
Program Director, General Surgery Residency Program


Rotation Schedule by PGY Level

PGY Level Rotation Length Location
1 Advanced MIS/Bariatric/General Surgery 1 month Danbury Hospital
1 Colorectal/Hepatobiliary/Breast/Surgical Oncology 2 months Danbury Hospital
1 Vascular/Thoracic Surgery 1 month Danbury Hospital
1 Trauma/Acute Care Surgery 4 months Danbury Hospital
1 Night Float 2 months Danbury Hospital
1 Surgical Intensive Care Unit 2 months Danbury Hospital
2 Advanced MIS/Bariatric/General Surgery 1 month Danbury Hospital
2 Colorectal/Hepatobiliary/Breast/Surgical Oncology 2 months Danbury Hospital
2 General Surgery/Breast Surgery 1 month New Milford Hospital
2 Vascular/Thoracic Surgery 2 months Danbury Hospital
2 Trauma/Acute Care Surgery 2 months Danbury Hospital
2 Night Float 2 months Danbury Hospital
2 Surgical Intensive Care Unit 2 months Danbury Hospital
Research Full-Time Research 12 to 24 months
3 Advanced MIS/Bariatric/General Surgery 3 months Danbury Hospital
3 Colorectal/Hepatobiliary/Breast/Surgical Oncology 3 months Danbury Hospital
3 Vascular/Thoracic Surgery 2 months Danbury Hospital
3 Trauma/Acute Care Surgery 1 months Danbury Hospital
3 Night Float 1 month Danbury Hospital
3 General Surgery/Breast Surgery 1 month New Milford Hospital
3 Pediatric Surgery 1 month Connecticut Children’s Medical Center
4 Advanced MIS/Bariatric/General Surgery 2 months Danbury Hospital
4 Colorectal/Hepatobiliary/Breast/Surgical Oncology 2 months Danbury Hospital
4 Vascular/Thoracic Surgery 3 months Danbury Hospital
4 Trauma/Acute Care Surgery 2 months Danbury Hospital
4 Night Float 3 months Danbury Hospital
5 Advanced MIS/Bariatric/General Surgery 3 months Danbury Hospital
5 Colorectal/Hepatobiliary/Breast/Surgical Oncology 3 months Danbury Hospital
5 Vascular/Thoracic Surgery 1 months Danbury Hospital
5 Trauma/Acute Care Surgery 3 months Danbury Hospital
5 Night Float 2 months Danbury Hospital


  • Morbidity and Mortality Conference
  • Didactics which include the This Week in SCORE(TWIS) Curriculum
  • Sub-Specialty Teaching Conferences
  • Simulation Sessions
  • Journal Club
  • Grand Rounds
  • Trauma Performance Improvement
  • Service specific Tumor Boards – GI, Breast, Thoracic


Surgical Simulation

Simulation is increasingly being used throughout a physician’s career to prevent arrested skill development, refine new techniques, and improve teaching abilities and other important competencies. Danbury Hospital is home to the Harold A. Spratt Center for Simulation and Clinical Learning. It is an 8,000 square foot state-of-the-art facility and is always available for our trainees to hone their skills. We have dedicated time every week as a part of our educational curriculum where residents rotate through various stations to become masters of their clinical skills and techniques.  These skills are put to the test with our Sim Olympics which are held twice a year.

Simulation stations include knot tying and suturing, chest tube placement, central line insertion, vascular anastomosis, bowel anastomosis stapled and hand-sewn, laparoscopic simulation, endoscopic simulation, and robotic simulation as well as other stations that are created for certain sessions.

We also utilize the simulation mannequin, which is used for patient floor, ICU, trauma, OR, PACU and emergency room based scenarios and emergencies.

We have initiated an Intern Boot Camp that intimately involves the simulation lab during orientation to better prepare our incoming residents for the start of residency.

We have laparoscopic and endoscopic simulators to help prepare for the Fundamentals of Laparoscopic Surgery (FLS) and Fundamentals of Endoscopic Surgery (FES) exams which are taken during residency prior to graduating.



Research is a fundamental part of resident education. With the fast pace of innovations and advancements in understanding the basic science behind and practice of patient care, surgeons in the 21st century must be able to critically evaluate and participate in scientific studies. The best way to understand the processes of research is to do it. We do not want to limit resident research involvement to basic science bench work. On the contrary, for most surgeons clinical and translational research will be most important in their careers. Although research opportunities are present during clinical years, categorical residents are required to take 1 year off between their PGY 2 and PGY 3 clinical years to perform research, with limited options to take no extra time to 2 years for research.

Training Locations

Danbury Hospital

Danbury Hospital

Danbury Hospital is a 456-bed acute care hospital that offers award-winning patient care. For more than 130 years, the hospital has delivered mission-driven services to the community. We are committed to providing safe, convenient care to meet your personal healthcare needs. We have earned the distinction of being designated a Level II Trauma Center by The American College of Surgeons.
We are part of Nuvance Health™, a network of seven hospitals and numerous outpatient facilities in the Hudson Valley and Western Connecticut. Our patients benefit from the various multispecialty groups and services across the system.
Danbury Hospital features advanced technologies, making us a destination for innovative services.

The hospital offers both minimally invasive and robot-assisted surgery and is designated by the Surgical Review Corporation (SRC) as a Robotic Center of Excellence.

Danbury Hospital earned The Joint Commission’s Gold Seal of Approval as a Primary Stroke Center and offers highly advanced cardiac and vascular care. Other features include a state-of-the-art Level III NICU and compassionate psychiatric care, including a partial-hospitalization program.

New Milford

New Milford Hospital

For the past 100 years, the team at New Milford Hospital has been caring for residents throughout Litchfield County. We have a tradition of providing warm and personal attention in a local setting.

We are part of Nuvance Health™, a network of seven hospitals and numerous outpatient facilities throughout western Connecticut and across the Hudson Valley. Our patients benefit from the various services and multispecialty groups across Nuvance Health.

New Milford Hospital, a part of the Danbury Hospital Campus, offers an unusual combination of top-notch physicians, world-class technology and advanced diagnostic and treatment options. We provide these services in a setting that is not only close to home but feels like home.

The physicians, nurses and support staff are passionate about caring for you. New Milford Hospital is a destination for advanced surgical services including minimally invasive orthopedics and spine surgery. The hospital also offers advanced diagnostics and treatment for cancer, and cardiac and neurosciences care.

Connecticut Children’s Medical Center

Connecticut Children’s Medical Center is a nationally recognized, 187-bed not-for-profit children’s hospital in Hartford, Connecticut. Ranked by U.S. News & World Report as one of the best children’s hospitals in the nation, we foster a patient- and family-centered environment with a focus on research, education and advocacy.

Connecticut Children’s serves as the primary pediatric teaching hospital for the UConn School of Medicine, has a teaching partnership with the Frank H. Netter MD School of Medicine at Quinnipiac University and is a research partner of The Jackson Laboratory.

Connecticut Children’s welcomes, cares for and protects all children who walk through our doors. We are an institution of acceptance and compassion regardless of nationality or immigration status.

With a medical staff of more than 1,000 practicing in more than 30 specialties, Connecticut Children’s is a tertiary referral center that provides outstanding care to children of all ages affected by a wide range of conditions.


  • BCLS and ACLS as incoming interns as well as when certification expires
  • Subscription to ACS Fundamentals of Surgery Curriculum as an incoming intern
  • ATLS (for categorical residents)
  • ATOM (Advanced Trauma Operative Management) Course (for categorical PGY 4/5 residents)
  • Subscription to SCORE curriculum
  • Subscription to TrueLearn
  • Reimbursement for board review courses as a graduating chief resident.
  • Reimbursement for the application and exam fee for the QE of the General Surgery Boards.
  • Funding for local and national academic paper or poster presentations
  • Access to The University of Vermont’s extensive digital library collection
  • 24-hour access to the surgical skills lab
  • 24-hour scrub access
  • Lab coats with laundering service
  • Dedicated surgery resident lounge
  • Overnight call rooms on site
  • Meal allowances for overnight call
  • Yearly educational stipend

Diversity in Surgery Visiting Sub-Internship Program

Recognizing the positive impact of a diverse surgical workforce in improving access to healthcare and patient outcomes, the Department of Surgery at Danbury Hospital is pleased to announce the establishment of our Diversity Visiting Student Sub-Internship Scholarship.

This program will support a funded, 4-week sub-internship in general surgery for 4th year medical students from diverse backgrounds at Danbury Hospital. The program is open to applicants who belong to groups that are underrepresented from a social, economic, or educational perspective in surgery. A 4-week rotation will be offered from June-October in a variety of surgical specialties.

The student(s) will be assigned to a surgical team of their preference, and will participate in all aspects of patient care, including in the operating room, and in the in-patient and outpatient settings. The student(s) will attend all educational conferences with the surgical residents. They will have the opportunity to meet one-on-one with the general surgery residency program leadership and will be assigned to a resident mentor for the duration of their experience.

Interested students should submit a brief statement of interest (350 words), a curriculum vitae, and two letters of recommendations to Dr. Susana Vargas-Pinto, Associate Program Director, Surgery Residency Program,

Women in Surgery Initiative

The general surgery residency program at Danbury Hospital is committed to support our female surgery residents during training. The Women in Surgery initiative was designed with the goal to encourage and help our female residents achieve their professional and personal goals during residency. We foster mentoring and peer support, and embrace diversity. In addition to our monthly meetings, which are designed to address issues affecting women surgeons today, and to promote a healthy work-life balance each female resident is provided with membership to the Association of Women Surgeons (AWS),

Important Dates

September 6, 2023 – 9:00 AM ET
Residency applicants may begin submitting MyERAS applications to programs

September 15, 2023 – 12:00 PM ET
NRMP Registration Opens
Match Registration opens and applicants can create your R3 account.
NRMP and ERAS are two separate organizations applicants must register for both services.

September 27, 2023 – 9:00 AM ET
Residency programs may begin reviewing MyERAS applications, MSPEs, and supplemental ERAS application data (if applicable) in the PDWS.

January 31, 2024 – 11:59 PM ET
Standard Registration Deadline
Applicant Standard Registration Deadline for the Match and SOAP.

February 1, 2024 – 12:00 PM ET
Ranking Opens
Login to R3 to build and edit your Rank Order List.
Medical schools begin verifying student/graduate graduation credentials.

February 28, 2024 – 9:00 PM ET
Rank Order List Certification Deadline
Applicant late registration for the Match and SOAP and Match withdrawal deadline.
Medical school student/graduate graduation credentials verification deadline.

March 11, 2024 – 10:00 AM ET
Match Week Begins
Applicant match status and program fill status available (by email and R3 system).

March 11, 2024 – 11:00 AM ET
Supplemental Offer and Acceptance Program Begins
SOAP applicants can start preparing applications in the AAMC ERAS® system.
Applicants and their representatives cannot communicate with a program until contacted by that program.

March 14, 2024
9:00 AM ET – SOAP Round 1
12:00 PM ET – SOAP Round 2
3:00 PM ET – SOAP Round 3
6:00 PM ET – SOAP Round 4
9:00 PM ET – SOAP Ends

March 15, 2024 – 12:00 PM ET
Match Day Results Release
Applicant Match results available (by email and within the R3 system).
Medical school Match Day ceremonies.


Q: What are the application requirements for the Danbury Hospital General Surgery Residency Program?

  • Current Curriculum Vitae
  • 3 Letters of recommendation
  • Personal Statement
  • Medical School Transcripts
  • USMLE Scores
  • ABSITE (American Board of Surgery In-Training Examination) Scores, if applicable
  • ECFMG Certificate, if applicable
  • Visa Status, if applicable

Q: How is your program structured?
A: There are 4 categorical residents per clinical year.  In addition to this, we have 3 non-designated preliminary intern positions.  Currently, 58 out of 60 months are in rotations at Danbury Hospital.  A 1 month Transplant Surgery rotation is done at University of Vermont in Burlington, VT and a 1 month Pediatric Surgery rotation is done at Connecticut Children’s Medical Center in Hartford, CT.  Both these away rotations are done in the PGY3 year.

Q: Can I visit your program to look at the hospital and speak with people in person?
A:  Due to health concerns with the ongoing CoVid-19 pandemic (including concerns about new variants), no in-person interviews or visits (“second looks”) are currently being conducted at Nuvance Health.  This is also in compliance with the request from the AAMC and recommendation from the APDS that the 2021-2022 Residency Application process is done virtually across the nation.

In addition to minimizing the national spread of CoVid-19, this creates a “level playing field” for any applicant who cannot travel due to personal health, school travel restrictions, or limitations from personal financial resources.  We understand the value of seeing the people and place you are thinking about spending a significant portion of your life.  The current decision for a virtual-only interview process this year was made with the health of our community and nation in mind as well as the goal of improving equity for all our applicants.  We will revisit in-person interviews and coordinated visits for the 2022-2023 season.

We, of course, cannot prevent any individual from coming to Danbury to see the community.  We, however, will not coordinate nor sanction any in-person meeting with any of the residents or faculty, nor facilitate any visits to Danbury Hospital.

Q: Do interns get to operate?
A: Yes!  The expectation is that interns will be operating at both the Surgeon Junior and First Assistant levels throughout the year.  The average number of Surgeon Junior cases performed by interns is approximately 100 each year.

Q: What is the call schedule like?
A: Except for the ICU, all teaching surgical services operate under a Night Float system.  The current Night Float schedule is a 14 hour shift on Sunday-Thursday nights.  Each level of resident will have 1-2 months of Night Float per year.  This leaves 24 hour calls on Friday and Saturday and a 10 hour call on Sunday day.  On average each resident who is not on Night Float will have one Friday, one Saturday, and one Sunday call per month.  Many residents request the Friday and Sunday-day calls to be on the same week, creating two completely free weekends off per month.

Q: What exactly is the relationship between Danbury Hospital and the University of Vermont?
A: Danbury Hospital, in combination with Norwalk Hospital and New Milford Hospital, constitute a second branch campus for the University of Vermont, the Connecticut Clinical Branch Campus.  Medical students enrolled in this branch campus spend the first 2 didactic years of medical school in Burlington, Vermont.  They then spend their clinical rotation years at the Connecticut Branch hospitals.  Surgery residents at Danbury Hospital receive appointments as Clinical Instructors at the University of Vermont.  The surgical residencies at Danbury Hospital and the University of Vermont (Burlington) are completely separate.

Q: What is the difference between the Danbury Hospital Surgery Residency and the Health Quest Surgery Residency?
A: Danbury Hospital and Vassar Brothers Medical Center (where the Health Quest residency is based) are part of the same clinical network, Nuvance Health.  The two residencies are completely separate, although there are faculty members who operate at both sites and independently work with residents from both programs.

Q: What exactly is the housing lottery?
A: Open to all interns, the lottery will provide either free housing on campus or a rent subsidy.  All incoming interns are encouraged to enter the lottery.  If picked, an on-campus rent-free apartment will be provided.  For those who do not get an apartment, a rent subsidy allowance will be added monthly.  This benefit, unfortunately, does not extend beyond the intern year.

Q: What are your score requirements for the USMLE and ABSITE?
A: The Danbury Hospital General Surgery Residency Program does not have strict minimum requirements as we have a holistic approach to application review.

Q: Am I still eligible to apply to your program if I have not taken the ABSITE?
A: Yes

Q: Am I still eligible to apply to your program if I have only taken steps 1 and 2 of the USMLE?
A: Yes

Q: Do you participate in ERAS and NRMP?
A: Yes.

Q: Will you accept an applicant who has not participated in ERAS and NRMP?
A: No

Q: Are you participating in the ERAS secondary application pilot for general surgery this year?
A: Yes we are.  Applicants are encouraged but not required to complete the secondary application.

Q: Does the Danbury Hospital General Surgery Residency Program accept applications from foreign medical graduates?
A: Yes

Q: Does the Danbury Hospital General Surgery Residency Program sponsor visas?
A: Yes, H1B visas are sponsored by Danbury Hospital on a limited basis.

Q: Are there any other visas the Danbury Hospital General Surgery Residency Program will accept?
A: Yes, the J1 visa through ECFMG

Life in Danbury

Life is not just about work! Although Danbury is not Manhattan (and we are only an hour away), there are still plenty of opportunities for excitement in this town…outside the operating room.

Restaurant Options

After a long day’s work or if you just want to enjoy a night out with friends or family, Danbury’s large selection of fine restaurants will make your night fulfilling. Cuisines from around the world are available including Japanese/Hibachi, Chinese, Italian, Brazilian, Indian, and many more delicious options.

Entertainment Options

What better way to finish a great night out than with a movie or play? A conveniently located movie theater is only minutes from the hospital with the most up to date movie selection. If theater is what you prefer, there are a number of playhouses in the area featuring interesting and unique plays, concerts, art galleries, etc.


Danbury Fair Mall is a massive shopping mall with practically every store a shopaholic would desire. The beautiful sky lit interior and the ample food court make for a great way to spend a Saturday.

Activities for Children

Let’s not forget about the kids! If you have a family and children, who don’t like to spend their days in the hospital like you, there are plenty of fun activities around town to keep your kids entertained. From apple and pumpkin picking, to parks and bike trails, rock-climbing and planetariums, there is bound to be something that will spark your family’s interest.

Outdoor Activities

Located at the foot of the Berkshire Hills, Danbury offers countless outdoor activities. . The natural hills and lakes formed within the valley of these hills make the city an ideal location for a fishing, boating, swimming, whitewater rafting, hiking, rock climbing and skiing.

Summer Activities

In the summer, the city of Danbury is a popular lakeside community with activity centered around Candlewood Lake. Numerous marinas and man-made beaches provide fun in the sun for residents and visitors alike. Popular lake side restaurants offer fine dining directly on the water with frequent sea boat landings and boating dockside service.

During the warmer months, hiking, bouldering and rock-climbing are accessible at Bear Mountain reservation, which provides more than 21 miles of easy to strenuous hiking trails for the outdoor enthusiast. The park provides free parking and maps are available for day hikers both online and from the park ranger’s office. Indoor rock climbing with autobelay is also available at Danbury Sport & Wellness Center and the CT Rock Gym.  For the whitewater adventurist, Danbury offers Class I-V rapids during February to May. Whitewater rafting is available in both kayaks and 4-6 man rafts at Bull’s Bridge Gorge in Kent, CT. Also located at Kent is one of the country’s most spectacular natural waterfalls. Kent Falls is a series of 3 waterfalls which drop more than 150 feet collectively. The falls form shallow pools and natural water slides, which are open to swimmers year round.

Winter Activities

During the winter months, skiing and snowboarding are available at more than 10 resorts within a two-hour radius of Danbury. The closest community ski resort is only 8 miles from Danbury — in Brewster, NY. Other local ski resorts include Mohawk Mountain, Woodbury Ski Resort, Mad Hatter Ski & Skate Park, Thunder Ridge, and Mount Peter. Seasonal lift tickets and gear rentals are available at the resorts and at local Ski Haus outlets.

Other local attractions include local Connecticut and Vermont sugar houses to harvest and observe maple syrup production. Frequently, maple sugarhouses also have farms and orchards connected to them which allow for visitors to pick their own seasonal fruit. Local famer’s markets in Danbury and Ridgefield offer a variety of culinary delights, including local creamery offerings of goat, sheep and cow cheeses. Organic produce, specialty items and fine cut butchery offerings are also available at weekend markets.