Pathology-Anatomic and Clinical

Why choose the Pathology Residency Program at Danbury Hospital?

The residency program in anatomic and clinical pathology and laboratory medicine provides residents the opportunity to participate in patient care, teaching rounds, and conferences. Our residents receive a holistic training in both Anatomic and Clinical pathology including FISH interpretation in our cytogenetic laboratory. We offer a research rotation in the 17,000 square foot Danbury Hospital Biomedical Research Institute located at 131 West Street in Danbury. Residents can pursue subspecialty rotations in Peds/Neuro/Renal at Yale New Haven Hospital, forensic pathology and toxicology at the Office of the Medical Examiner in Farmington and Blood Bank/Transfusion Medicine at Yale School of Laboratory Medicine.

Our residents also serve on a number of multidisciplinary Hospital committees and Tumor Boards, including Blood Bank Committee, Medical Education Committee, Pharmacy and Therapeutics Committee, and Infection Control, Ethics Committee and Safety Committee. Danbury Hospital is one of seven hospitals in the Nuvance Health Network, together with New Milford Hospital. Danbury Hospital is a 371-bed regional medical center and university teaching hospital affiliated with the University Of Vermont College Of Medicine. Medical education is an integral focus of our Mission.

We are a community hospital right in the heart of Danbury. The city of Danbury has a relaxed, laid-back atmosphere away from the hustle and bustle of the city, yet it is close enough to major metropolitan cities like New York City and Boston, and accessible by car, train and bus. If you enjoy foreign cuisine, downtown Danbury has enough ethnic restaurants and markets to satisfy you such as Brazilian, Indian, Middle-Eastern, Dominican, Polish, Ecuadorian, Salvadoran, Mexican, Peruvian, Chinese, Colombian, Italian, and of course, American food. You will have greater access to nature with local parks like Danbury Candlewood Park overlooking Candlewood Lake, or Tarrywile Park.

Mission Statement

The Danbury Hospital Pathology Residency Program’s core purpose is to create a nurturing, academic and instructional program that will develop and train the next generation of pathologists to be prepared to serve the Danbury community and beyond with empathy and excellence in diagnoses for the best and most comprehensive patient care. We will do this by instilling in them a passion and love of learning and research. They will learn through the experience and compassion of their teaching faculty, that each case is a person whose life they can positively affect through accurate diagnosis. To be good and trusted citizens in their communities and to bring honor to the legacy of the Pathology Residency Program here at Danbury Hospital.

Pathology Residency Program

The Danbury Hospital Pathology Residency program was established on April 27, 1955 and was the first residency program at Danbury Hospital. The program still enjoys continued accreditation by the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME).  It is currently one of only three pathology residencies in the State of Connecticut. Danbury Hospital shares that privilege with Yale University and Hartford Hospital. Our program has a combined four-year anatomic and clinical pathology residency. The goal of the program has been to graduate pathologists and laboratory directors with superior technical competence, clinical acumen, and intellectual depth. The program acts as a focal point by drawing prospective residency applicants and attending physicians seeking a hybrid of academic medicine and community-based practice. The current Chairman of the pathology department for the Nuvance Health network is Daniel Cruser, MD.  Dr. Cruser began his position here on the Danbury campus on October 1, 2020. Dr. Cruser is supportive of the Pathology Residency Program and in educating/training our future pathologists. Our pathologists remain the cornerstone of medical practice, providing the objective diagnostic and interpretive information necessary for definitive patient care. The pathologists in this department are excellent physicians, nearly half of whom are graduates of Danbury Hospital themselves. Our faculty is fully committed to the education of pathology residents and medical students based upon the premise of lifelong learning.

The current climate for a practicing pathologist is both challenging and constantly evolving. Pathologists play pivotal roles in all aspects of specimen processing, analysis, and reporting. In addition to running the clinical laboratory, blood bank, microbiology, surgical pathology, and autopsy service, pathologists also serve a crucial role as consultants acting as the “doctor’s doctor.” We have succeeded in our goal to prepare our graduating residents to adapt and perform in this ever-changing, demanding world.


Anatomic Pathology Curriculum

The Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine at Danbury Hospital provides a well-integrated training program in Anatomical Pathology that includes:

  • Orientation in Clinical and Anatomical Pathology (8 weeks combined)
  • Autopsy pathology
  • Surgical pathology
  • Cytology – 3 months (2 months PGY1 – 1 month PGY4)
  • Forensic pathology (1 month)
  • Anatomical Pathology HOT SEAT (PGY4) – 2 month

Opportunity to rotate at Yale University, Elective Rotation, Western Connecticut Research Lab (mandatory Research rotation), and the Office of the Medical Examiner is included in the curriculum.

Autopsy Pathology Education

This aspect of the anatomic pathology education is accomplished by providing hands-on experience in all aspects of autopsy pathology, combined with gross pathology lectures and case presentations for the medical mortality conferences. The length of the rotation is 18 months and it is combined with the surgical pathology rotation.

The program facilitates the autopsy number requirements by combining the number of hospital-based autopsies. Thirty (30) cases a year with a mandatory forensic pathology rotation at the Office of the Chief Medical Examiner of Connecticut. At the time that our residents graduate from the program, they have completed more than the 30 required autopsies. The total of autopsies that a resident completes in his training can be more than 30 depending on the efficiency and level of competency the resident has obtained.

We send our residents to Norwalk Hospital to perform autopsies so the resident can acquire the 30 required autopsies in their residencies and to give them a rounded Autopsy experience between the two hospitals. We work hand in hand with Norwalk hospital for our residents to attain the adequate autopsy numbers.

Pediatric Pathology Education

Pediatric Pathology education is covered by faculty lectures and case presentations. Over the period of four years, the lectures cover all aspects of pediatric pathology, including surgical and autopsy pathology provided by Yale faculty during the Peds/Neuro/Renal rotation. Pediatric autopsy cases at our institution are performed by our residents under the guidance of the attending pathologists; microscopic review of fetal autopsy and placentas are performed in a timely manner.  The Pediatric Pathology Rotation is performed at Yale University as a required rotation.  There are also didactic lectures provided by Yale faculty through their four years of training.

We also have a pediatric pathology faculty from Yale University.  The faculty presents interesting and unusual cases from their institution.  The resident also has a mandatory rotation at Yale for Peds/Neuro/Renal for one month in their PGY4 year.

Neuropathology Education

During the Required Elective rotation at Yale, two of the four week rotation are dedicated to Neuropathology. Residents’ education in the field of neuropathology is comprised of a combination of surgical cases, Autopsy cases, and academic lectures given by our faculty at Danbury Hospital, faculty from the Yale Department of Pathology and by Dr. Dennis Chute and Dr. Kia Newman from the OCME.

Anatomical Pathology Schedule – 24 Months

  • Surgical Pathology – 18 months (with two months of Hot Seat in the PGY4 year to prepare for fellowships and future employement)
  • Cytology – 3 months
  • Anatomical Pathology Orientation – 6 weeks
  • OCME – 1 month

Clinical Pathology Curriculum

Clinical pathology (CP) training at Danbury Hospital requires rotation to all clinical departments. Residents attend formal lectures given by physicians and managers of the departments and interact daily with the clinicians to gain experience in the application of laboratory data to pertinent clinical problems.

In the second year of the rotation, the resident assumes more teaching, administrative, and clinical responsibilities and has the opportunity to conduct an in-depth research project.

General Clinical Pathology Training Requirements

Residents who want to be board-certified from a combined anatomic/clinical pathology (AP/CP) residency training program must complete a minimum of 18 months of CP training according to the American Board of Pathology guidelines

Residents who desire to be board-certified in clinical pathology only must complete a minimum of three years of CP training.

During the four-year residency, the CP training will consist of a core curriculum where laboratory rotations are divided between the major disciplines of clinical pathology, including:

  • Microbiology
  • Chemistry
  • Hematopathology
  • Blood Banking
  • Immunology
  • Cytogenetics
  • Lab Management
  • Coagulation
  • Molecular
  • Informatics – 4 weeks (incorporated in Laboratory Management rotation)

In these rotations, the resident is to become acquainted with the following aspects of every procedure covered:

  • Principles
  • Methodology
  • Interpretation
  • Quality control

After completion of the core curriculum, the subsequent year(s) of CP training will be individually tailored to allow the residents to focus in on particular areas of interest, as well as enable him or her to participate in an in-depth research project.

Graduated Case Sign-out Responsibilities

The resident shall assume gradual responsibility in signing out cases requiring a physician interpretation. These cases include:

  • Bone marrow
  • Histopathology reports (including special stains)
  • Serum and urine protein electrophoresis
  • Immunofixation electrophoresis
  • Flow cytometry reports
  • Molecular genetic reports
  • Reviews of peripheral smears and body fluids

All cases are to be reviewed and signed by a staff pathologist (or PhD where appropriate).

Graduated Transfusion Service Coverage Responsibility

The resident shall have gradual responsibility in the following areas of transfusion medicine:

  • Assessment of indications for a blood product transfusion
  • Evaluation of transfusion reactions
  • Evaluation of blood testing abnormalities, e.g., allo- and auto-antibodies.

The residents do a two-week rotation at Yale and the West Haven VA’s Blood Bank /Transfusion Medicine department.

The above shall be accomplished under the direct supervision and guidance of the staff in house and at Yale.

Graduated Bone Marrow Aspiration and Biopsy Procedure Responsibility

The resident shall be trained to perform bone marrow aspirates and biopsies. This training shall include observing a minimum of three procedures, followed by performing a minimum of five procedures under direct supervision. Subsequent procedures shall be performed with available backup by a staff pathologist.

On-Call Responsibilities

On-call coverage hours shall be divided equitably among the senior residents.  The PGY1 residents have only “extended shifts” their first year. Residents are responsible for both AP and CP calls.  AP calls include frozen sections and CP calls include Blood Bank and Clinical Laboratory calls. The residents shall be considered “first call” for the Blood Bank. That includes weekdays from 5 pm until 9 pm.  The remaining overnight and weekend calls are covered by senior residents.  There is always an attending pathologist who is on-call along with the residents.

Volume Guidelines for CP Credentialing

The resident is to complete a minimum number of procedures and test interpretations before he/she can be certified in Clinical Pathology by Danbury Hospital.

Laboratory Administration

The Clinical Pathology residents are given opportunities to learn about and participate in the administrative aspects of pathology.

  • They are given a series of didactic lectures on laboratory and hospital administration.
  • They participate in the management mentorship program and are expected to attend the individual lab section monthly meetings during their rotation in that laboratory.
  • They attend our Clinical Pathology Quality Assurance Meetings.

Molecular Pathology Education

Our molecular pathology laboratory adheres to national standards and is equipped with state-of-the-art instrumentation to include:

  • PCR and PCR in-situ thermocyclers
  • Facilities for Florescent in-situ hybridization

Also, our residents are trained in evaluation and troubleshooting of molecular techniques. The curriculum is structured so as to cover the following topics:

  • Basic nucleic acid biochemistry
  • Specimen collection and storage
  • Southern blot
  • In vitro nucleic acid amplification
  • DNA sequencing
  • Clinical applications

Clinical Pathology Schedule – 19 months

  • Clinical Orientation – 1 month
  • Chemistry – 3 months
  • Hematopathology – 3 months
  • Cytogenetics – 2 months
  • Molecular – 1 month
  • Lab Management – 1 month
  • Blood Bank – 2 months
  • Coagulation – 1 month
  • Immunology – 1 month
  • Microbiology – 3 months

Miscellaneous Rotations -5 months

  • Elective – 2 months
  • Peds/Neuro (required) – 1 month (Yale)
  • Comprehensive (PGY4) – 1 month



Global Health

Dr. Vidhun and Dr. Sadigh have encouraged an exchange with Ugandan Pathology residents coming to our program and to study in the department.  We have supplied them with textbooks to bring back, slides and memories of being a part of the residency program here at Danbury Hospital.  In April of 2019, Dr. Vidhun visited Makerere University in Kampala, Uganda and presented a Grand Round on Molecular classification of Breast cancers and multi-headed slide and PowerPoint presentations on Breast pathology.

In the past four years, we have had three Ugandan pathology residents rotate with us from 8 to 11 month rotations.  They are housed by the hospital and welcomed by the laboratory staff and faculty.

Dr. Vidhun and her residents are looking into travel to Uganda to teach and learn from their Ugandan cohorts.  This has been a great opportunity for the residents explore new avenues in pathology training in a different country.

Dr. Vidhun spent four days teaching through the microscope and giving didactic lectures to the faculty and residents at Makerere University in Kampala, Uganda.

Wellness Initiatives

Wellness Week 2020

Yoga and learning about healthy eating and 5 minute meditation/relaxation sessions, ice cream social with game of taboo



Faculty and Resident Wellness get together lunch…It is good to chill out

Graduate Fellowships

2020 – PGY4

Hermineh Aramin, MD – Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX Surgical Pathology Fellowship 2020-2021;  UCSD San Diego, CA Cytopathology Fellowship 2021-2022.

2019 – PGY4s

Nataliya Sostin, MD – Yale University Medical School, New Haven, CT  Blood Bank/Transfusion Medicine Fellowship  2019-2020. Employed at Yale

Quoc Nguyen, MD – Los Angeles, California Office of Medical Examiner, Forensic Fellowship 2019-2020; SUNY Upstate Cytopathology Fellowship 2020-2021.


Ayaz Ghani, MD – Roswell Park Cancer Center, Buffalo, NY,  Oncologic Surgical Pathology Fellowship; 2018-2019;    University of Miami, Miami, FL, GI Fellowship. 2019-2020. Employed at Advanced pathology Solutions, Little Rock, AR

Olubunmi Shoyele, MD – Wayne State University, Detroit, Michigan, Cytology Fellowship.  Employed at Summa Health System, Akron, OH


Bryce Hatfield, MD – Virginia Commonwealth University, Surgical Pathology Fellowship, Richmond, VA 2017-2018;  Virginia Commonwealth University, Cytopathology Fellowship, Richmond, VA   2018-2019. Employed at VCU

Vidarshi Muthukumarna, MD – Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, Oncological Pathology Fellowship, New York, NY  2017-2018;  Baylor University, Cytopathology Fellowship, Waco, TX  2018-2019. Employed at University of Texas Medical Branch


Sheila Segura, MD – Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, Surgical Oncologic Pathology Fellowship, New York, NY  2016-2017; Cytolpathology Fellowship, Montefiore Medical Center, Bronx, NY  2017-2018; GYN Fellowship, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, NY 2018-2019. Employed University of Indiana

Evgeniya Angelova, MD – MD Anderson Cancer Center,  Hematopathology Fellowship, Houston, TX  2016-2018 two year Fellowship. Employed in New Jersey

Tsetan Dolkar, MD – MD Anderson Cancer Center, Surgical Oncologic Pathology Fellowship, Houston, TX  2016-2017. Employed in Canada


Saad Baqai, MD – Oncologic/Surgical Pathology Fellowship, Roswell Park, Buffalo, NY 2015-2016; Cytopathology Fellowship Roswell Park, Buffalo, NY  2016-2017. Employed in Buffalo University, NY.

Lauren Lippincott, DO – Forensic Pathology Fellowship – Louisville, Kentucky, Medical Examiner’s Office.  2015-2016.  Employed hired 7/2016 by ME Office Louisville, Kentucky.

Brankica Paunovic, MD – Pediatric Pathology Fellowship, St. Christopher’s Children’s Hospital, Philadelphia, PA. 2015-2016; Forensic Pathology Fellowship – San Diego, CA Medical Examiner’s Office  2016-2017. Employed  in OCME, San Diego, CA


Jacqueline Pender, MD – Breast/GYN Fellowship – Univ. of Miami, Jackson Memorial Hospital; Forensic Pathologist.  Employed – Miami, FL


Sharmeen Mansoor, MD – Hematopathology Fellowship, Ohio State University, Columbus, OH; Oncologic Surgical Pathology Fellowship, Roswell Park Cancer Institute, Buffalo, NY. Employed in Canada


Aarti Goswami, MD – Hematopathology Fellowship, Sloan-Kettering Memorial Hospital, New York, NY. Private Employment Texas currently

Asim Syed, MD – GI Fellowship, Beth Israel, New York, NY; Informatics Fellowship, UPMC, Pittsburgh, PA. Private Lab Employment, Florida

Junaid Baqai, MD – Hematopathology Fellowship, Wayne State; Surgical Oncologic Pathology Fellowship, Roswell Park. Employed Private job Laboratory Director, Taylorville Memorial Hospital, Michigan


Anna Vischio, MD – Surgical Pathology Fellowship, Hartford Hospital, Hartford, CT; Cytology Pathology Fellowship, Hartford Hospital, Hartford, CT. Private Employment CT

Kilak Kesha, MD – Forensic Pathology Fellowship, Office of the Chief Medical Examiner, Baltimore, MD; Assistant Medical Examiner, Office of the Medical Examiner, Wayne County, Detroit, Michigan; Assistant Professor, Department of Pathology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan. Employed

Salman Ayub, MD – Hematopathology Fellowship, Wayne State, Detroit, MI. Employed


Tatiana Perdomo, MD – Molecular Genetic Pathology Fellowship, Cedars Sinai Medical Center, Los Angeles, CA; Onocological Surgical Pathology Fellowship, Sloan Kettering Memorial Hospital New York, NY. Employed Associate Pathologist – Florida

Amarpreet Bhalla, MD –  Currently employed 2016 – Hired by University of Buffalo, NY for a position in Cytology and General Surgical Pathology.      

How to Apply

The Danbury Hospital Pathology Residency Program participates in the National Residency Matching Program (NRMP). We only accept applications and supporting documents through the Electronic Residency Application Service (ERAS). We look for candidates with excellent academic performance and a strong interest in pursuing pathology as the next step in their career. A complete application package should contain the following:

  • ERAS Common Application Form (CAF)
  • Personal Statement (1-2 pages)
  • Official Medical School Transcripts
  • Medical Student Performance Evaluation (Dean’s Letter)
  • Three Letters of Reference/Recommendation – from faculty members, mentors, or supervisors who can address your performance and your commitment to the study of pathology
  • Official copy of your United States Medical Licensing Examination scores
  • Curriculum Vitae
  • Current Photograph
  • For documents that are not in English, include a translation by a qualified translator and an affidavit of accuracy acceptable to the hospital.

If you are an International Medical Graduate, we require:

  • Educational Commission for Foreign Medical Graduates (ECFMG) Status Certificate (not Status Report)
  • Visa Status

The Danbury Hospital Pathology Residency Program accepts foreign national physicians who meet the Danbury Hospital Eligibility and Selection requirements into its ACGME-accredited residency and fellowship programs. We welcome International Medical Graduates to apply to our residencies and will sponsor applicants for an H1-B visa.